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Sexually Transmitted Diseases, STDs
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, STDs, include HIV/AIDS, hepatitis B, gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis and are found world wide and especially among sexworkers.

Condoms are an important protection, but are not absolute and all sexual contacts carry a risk of STD transmission.

Hepatitis B
In certain areas of Africa, Asia and South America up to 20% to 30% of the adult population is carriers of hepatitis B virus and can infect others through sexual contact or blood. Longer travels to these areas should include a vaccination against hepatitis B.
More about Hepatitis B

HIV/AIDS
HIV is very prevalent in Africa and especially in South and East Africa. In some countries like Zambia and Botswana up to 35% of the adult population is HIV positive and the prevalence can reach 80% in risk groups like sex workers.
HIV is increasing rapidly in Asia and Eastern Europe.More about HIV and AIDS

Edited 26 December 2008