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Tick Borne Encephalitis (TBE)
Tick Borne Encephalitis, TBE, is a virus disease found throughout central Europe, parts of Scandinavia, the Baltic countries, Russia and a belt through Siberia. It is also named Central European Encephalitis and Russian Spring Summer Encephalitis, RSSE.

TBE virus has a reservoir in deers and is transmitted by ticks. People exposed to tick like hunters, military personnel and others who are spending time in nature during the summer months.

  • People planning to spend longer time outdoors in endemic areas (weeks) during spring, summer and early autumn months should consider vaccination.
  • The vaccine consist of killed TBE virus.
  • Vaccination include 3 injections, the first 2 with 2 4 weeks in between and the 3 after 3 12 months after which protection is at least 3 years.
  • Vaccination is part of the childhood vaccination programme in Austria.

    The encephalitis is diagnosed by headache and fever.

    Detection of antibodies in a blood sample.

    Supportive only. No specific antiviral drugs available.

    In addition to vaccination, avoid bites of ticks by wearing long trousers when outside.

    Further information: C.D.C. Tick-borne encephalitis

    Edited 10 December 2008